Electric vehicle charging point facilities
Nowadays, there are more and more electric vehicles, either using a mixture of electricity and another type of fuel or with a 100% electric system. This is because, in addition to being sustainable transport, the electric vehicle has other advantages, such as:
- They do not emit combustion gases, which means that they are environmentally friendly.
- You will be able to manage energy you need, in addition to use renewable energy
- They can recover part of the braking energy by feeding the batteries.
- Electric vehicles have a greater acceleration capacity at low revolutions per minute.
- Motors are more efficient and quieter. This leads to an increase in the installation of electric vehicles charging points, at private level as well as in companies and gas stations (electrostations).
This leads to an increase in the installation of electric vehicles charging points, at private level as well as in companies and gas stations (electrostations).
Classification according to charging modes
- Mode 1. This mode uses a usual plug (shucko socket). It is usually used on small motorcycles, bicycles or electric scooters. This type of socket is not recommended for more powerful vehicles since it does not include any type of electric protection.
- Mode 2. It is a slow recharge mode where a shucko socket is also used through a portable communication cable. It is usually used in plug-in hybrid vehicles (never in 100% electric vehicles), and only sporadically as they do not have electrical protections.
- Mode 3. t is the most widespread charging mode and also, the most recommended. It is used for electric vehicles through a point installed with the electrical protections to guarantee safe operation. The recharge can be single-phase or three-phase and it is considered semi-fast. The connectors used in this mode are type 1 or type 2.
- Mode 4. This mode allows the vehicle to be quickly recharged through direct current stations, which are the ones that are usually located in charging stations or in public car parks. Its use is recommended sporadically to make a long journey, but not regularly, as it can damage the battery. In this mode the CHAdeMO or CSS connectors are used.
Classification according to connector types
- Type 1. It is also known as SAE J1772 or Yazaki connector. This type of connector is used in vehicles in the US and Asia and allows charging up to 19 kW in single-phase charging.
- Type 2. Another name for this type of charger is IEC 62196 type 2 or Mennekes charger. It is the standard connector throughout Europe and allows both single-phase and three-phase recharges up to 44 kW. The charging mode used with this type of connector is mode 3.
- CHAdeMO. It is the usual type of connector for Japanese brand vehicles and allows fast charging through a mode 4 DC charging point.
- Combo (CCS). This type of connector is the standard for fast direct current charging throughout Europe. It is found mainly in electric stations.